Mars is extremely cold, dry and radiative planet in the solar system and if we as humans think of going to mars and survive we need more technologies to survive in the alien’s environment. As earth and mars comes close to each other after every two years it takes 6-9 months to send the spacecraft there. We can say we require some more creativity to settle on the red planet.
Well, this is the main purpose to design city on mars. Mars City Design (the Mars City®) an innovation started by architect and filmmaker Vera Mulyani which hosts the mars city design challenges for students across the world to produce architectural design for living on mars. In other terms what Mulyani calls this platform is Marchitecture. An idea that would allow people to survive on mars in future the main focus is on urban farming, where the participants were asked to create the architectural patterns that would ensure food security on mars.
Not just survive, to grow or develop well is the key point of Mars City mission. Vera Mulyani to universe today via email said that “we better plan our infrastructure based on how humans grow or develop well beyond the survival mode for a long time and not just temporary before we send them there”.
“Growing/developing also means advancement in innovations and achieving them alone may be possible but the real challenges lies in achieving them together”.
Entrepreneurs like Elon Musk, Richard Branson and others have always showed their interest in establishing a colony on mars but a permanent survival requires a collaborative effort. For human beings to survive on mars comfortably and productively many innovative solutions are needed which only comes after collaboration. For any human presence on mars will be heavily dependent on artificial systems that have to copy the natural process.
The winnings for the challenges were divided into multiple categories. First is Mars Agriculture Engineering in which four submissions were selected. Justin’s Mars Farm, a concept by Justin Pourkaveh, a thermal systems fluid engineer in commercial aerospace. His concept is based on food production system made up of interconnected modules each providing 290 m2 of space, a total of 1,450 m2 of land to grow food.
Mars Colony 1 design bags the second place in the competition. The team behind this design are Mars City Ambassador Thomas Lagarde, postdoc aerospace engineer and Martian environment specialist Yulia Akisheva, Nenadic Nenad an analog astronaut, and human factors expert Benjamin Pothier. The design is mainly based on a main tower made up of multiple interconnecting modules with motherboard at the base.
Mohamed Emad’s MarSpine design won the first place in design category. In his design he introduced a closed loop system that depends on In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) to provide building materials, food, water, power, shelter to its people.
A junior architect from Dubai (UAE) Khaled AlLabban got third place in design category for his Barchan City design. The name of the design came from Barchan Dunes one of Mars’ most well-known features and the main focus of this design is on planting. It provides various facilities like cultivation, residential areas, workspaces and the services required to maintain them.
Guiseppe Calabrese of Australia and Italy, got first prize for his Sprout design in the Marchitecture Category. Calabrese’s concept states that agriculture here on earth is the destruction of the natural environment and the mass production of waste. In that response he proposes a system that will turn waste into a sustainable agricultural process and energy.
Mulyani said that this year main focuses will be on urban farming which includes food production, greenhouse that works in extreme environment which is very essential that connects people with anything on mars.