The Emirates Mars Mission (EMM) – aka. Al Amal (“Hope” in Arabic) – launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan on its trip to Mars on 19th July, 2020. This mission, the primary interplanetary effort to be mounted by an Arab nation, is being administered by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) within the United Arab Emirates (UAE) together with variety of research institutions internationally.
When Hope reaches Mars tomorrow (Feb. 9th, 2021), it’ll spend subsequent two years gathering vital science data on Mars’ atmosphere. The arrival is going to be broadcast by the EMM website beginning at 07:00 A.M. Mars civil time (MST), or 09:00 A.M. EST (06:00 A.M. PST). At 8:41 A.M. MST (10:41 A.M. EST; 07:41 A.M. PST), Hope probe will carry out an insertion maneuver which will place it in orbit around Mars.
The Mars Orbit Insertion phase will contain the Hope Probe’s thrusters burning through nearly half its fuel to slow it right down to the purpose where it’ll be captured by Mars. The burn will last for roughly 27 minutes and can reduce the probe from its travel velocity of quite 121,000 km/h (75,000 mph) to approximately 17,700 km/h (11,000 mph). A pre-burn instrument check is going to be administered to make sure the probe is prepared for this significant phase.
The orbiter carries three interferometers, just like the Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer (EMIRS) developed in partnership with the varsity of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University (ASU) and NAU’s Department of Astronomy and Planetary Science. This instrument is going to be liable for investigating the distribution of dust, ice clouds, and ozone in Mars’ lower and middle atmosphere.
Philip Christensen, professor and a planetary scientist at ASU said that it will also track the movement of water vapour and warmth through the atmosphere, providing scientists with a singular view of the Martian atmosphere and therefore the dynamics that drive it.
In addition to EMIRS, Hope also will believe the Emirates Exploration Imager (EXI) and therefore the Emirates Mars Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EMUS), both of which were developed at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) at CU Boulder. EMIRS is being assisted by the EXI camera by taking high-resolution images of Mars’ atmosphere and measure properties of water, ice, dust, aerosols, and ozone in Mars’ atmosphere.
Global characteristics and variability within the thermosphere and hydrogen and oxygen coronae is being measured by the EMUS spectrometer.
The ultimate goal of the Hope mission is to supply an unprecedented global view of the Martian atmosphere and learn more about its dynamic nature. As previous missions have shown, Mars has had a turbulent history and remains a really active world, with multiple forces regularly changing its landscape. By taking a worldwide view, scientists stand to find out more about the connections within and between the upper and lower atmospheres.
This will shed additional light on atmospheric escape, a significant think about Mars’ climatic and geological evolution. Billions of years ago, Mars had a denser atmosphere and was ready to maintain temperatures warm enough to support liquid water on its surface. However, the slow loss of its atmosphere to space caused it to transition from a hotter, wetter planet to the extremely arid and cold world it’s today.
Thanks to the Hope mission’s unique orbit, the orbiter is going to be ready to provide a near-complete level of daily and geographic coverage, essentially tracking Mars’ atmosphere within the same way that weather-satellites operate in orbit around Earth. this may enable greatly improved meteorology, which can be of important importance when it comes time to send human missions to Mars.
The data collected by Hope also will give scientists greater insight into how Earth may have evolved over time, which is vital to understanding how terrestrial (rocky) planets can sustain a stable climate and support life. this may leave more detailed climate models which will be wont to characterize exoplanets within the future (in the hopes of finding habitable worlds beyond the system.)
All of those goals are according to the Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group, an interdisciplinary community chartered by NASA HQ to help within the planning of Mars exploration. they’re going to complement and augment research conducted by NASA’s Mars Global Survey (MGS), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and MAVEN missions; the ESA’s Mars Express, and ExoMars orbiter; and India’s Mangalyaan (MOM) mission.
According to Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (ruler of the Emirate of Dubai and for whom the MBRSC is named), the mission’s name was chosen to send a message of hope and optimism to many young Arabs looking to form valuable contributions to space exploration and also the STEAM fields (that’s right, it’s Science, Technology, Engineering, Astronomy, and Math now!) In addition to the live coverage provided on the UAE Space Agency‘s website, the mission also will be live-tweeted via the Hope Mars Mission Twitter page. make certain to observe as this historic mission unfolds and another nation joins the Mars exploration club!